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스킵 네비게이션


Story of Bibimbap

Bibimbap in the History of Korea

문서위치

  • Lee Ik (1681 7th year King Sukjong's reign ~ 1763 39th year of King Yeongjo's reign)  Seonghojeonjib (星湖全集) Volume 2 Poem (時) Gukbap
    No matter how much I eat goldong I am satisfied / 骨董吾無厭
    To fill one’s insides, gukbap is the best / 塡腸澆饡佳
    If I swallow it through my throat, it will go to my stomach / 下嚥惟己分
    Beating on my stomach, I enjoy a tranquil lifetime / 鼓腹是生涯
    As I get old, I try to take lightly of the do institution / 妄欲輕陶䱥
    Somehow one would say that it is equal to the vast sea of the confused world / 聊將當庾鮭
    Who compares it with the nation’s state of affairs in chaos / 誰方時混混
    Rice and vegetables are perfect for purification / 稻菜合淸齋
    [Note] goldong (骨董): Rice mixed with fish, meat and vegetables and soup are called goldongban (骨董飯) and goldonggang (骨董羹).
    Bibimbap today is similar to yukgaejang.
  • 寄齋雜記一 Old stories of Courts of many past generations 1 [歷朝舊聞一] : Sejo
    For his character, he had a very harsh temper and was violent. He would kill people as he wished in reliance on his status and if people washed their horses in the stream outside the walls, he would immediately kill both the horse and its master.

    He would kill every person that passed by on a horse without questioning his class.
    One time, he took away the field of another person to make a water parsley field. An old aged woman cried aloud and said, “this old person is alone and poor.
    I have relied on this field to make a living all my life. If I obey your orders, I will starve to death. If I resisted, I would face death. Either way, it is the same that I will die. I would rather go to that house to appeal to his sympathy and hope for a chance of luck.” Then, the old aged woman took the papers to her field and the lord, without saying a word, threw the woman on to the rock and crushed her and left her dead on the side of the road. Yet, no one would dare try to do anything. For this reason, his servants used violence as they pleased, but the local authorities could not restrict them.

    Jeon Im, the official of the local police bureau, was undercover next to the jaeinam to catch a thief as the officer on duty. About five or six people suddenly attacked in the middle of the night near the lord’s house and shouted that they were from a certain man’s house and asked what he would do to them. Jeon Im caught and bound them with his own hands and said, “how would could have the lord let you loose to violate the local laws?” He did not respond to the shouting and swearing of the mob and tightened the tie around their hands and after only a long while they screamed and begged to loosen their bound hands, but he was unforgiving.

    As the day brightened, he visited the lord by taking them and said, “these men did truly commit theft as they simply relied on their power and acted foolish. I hope that you would control them in the future. I am afraid that they would cause you trouble.” Upon hearing his words, the lord came down to the garden in joy and grabbed his hands and said, “how have I come to belatedly meet such a great man? How much do you drink and how much do eat?” Jeon Im responded, “I will only eat as much as you tell me.” Soon, a bowl full of rice was mixed with fish and vegetables to create what the world called bibimbap and a cup of alcohol having the amount of three bottles was served and Jeon Im finished the meal in two to three spoon servings and drank the alcohol in one gulp. The lord could not hide his overflowing joy and said, “what government position do you have?” He responded, “as it has not been long since I have been assigned to this position, I am assigned to the army escorting the king.” The lord finally informed the king and promoted him to a superior army administrative post. Since then, they maintained a close and friendly relationship.
  • Ajeongyugo (poetical works of Yi Duk Moo (李德懋) 1741-1793), volume 7, papers, Letter to the house hold of Park Jae Seon
    As our folk do not know how to farm or how to trade at the market, do not feel overly distressed at the sight of your old aging parents having sat down and starving because it is naturally reasonable to yield in the past. I can only lament as the mountains and streams are distant when I look at the far away fog covered trees. I, Duk Moo, have obtained the writings of many famous people from the Han and Wei era and am reading them.

    You should know about the pretext of the disease. Kim In Seo (金人瑞) (end of the Ming Dynasty; nicknamed Kim Seong Tan (金聖嘆)) is a bad person and Seosanggi (西廂記) is a bad book. You lay sick in your bed, trying to calm your temper down and do not use indifference and silence as a shield to protect you from concerns and illnesses. There is nothing that you distinguish yourself from Kim In Seo from writing with your writing brush, examining with your eyes and using your heart. Yet, you attempt to discuss about medicine by inviting a doctor. How is it that you do not realize what is deep within? Hopefully you will recover from your illness by rebuking In Seo with the tip of your writing brush, then burn the book with your own hands and invite someone like me again to read the Analects of Confucius with comments for days. While attending an ancestral rite at a relative’s home, I had bibimbap at dawn and had to visit the bathroom seven or eight times. If my condition gets well in the afternoon, I will visit your house.

    I made a promise to students of Confucianism from Jakgwan, Mulheon and Seogwak to make an outing to Donggyo to drink under the autumn leaves and stay there for the night. However, as you have been harmed by the bad person (referring to Kim In Seo) and cannot join this great outing, it is a darn shame. The face of Nakseo (洛瑞) (the son of Lee Seo Gu) has become gaunt and turned yellow as if it was rubbed with madder juice. It pains to see his poor face.

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